There are different categories of honeybees including queen, drone, and worker bees.
Worker bees are sterile females who spend their life working in the hive. They only have a lifespan of 6 weeks during the summer because they work themselves to death, and have a barbed stinger that can only be used once causing them to die immediately afterward.
Drones are male honey bees without stingers. Their purpose is to mate with the queen bee and then die.
The queen bee has two major roles, and without her, the bee colony cannot survive. The first is to secrete chemical scents to help unify the colony, and the second is to lay her eggs as much as possible. Queens spend a majority of their lives in the hive but will leave it to mate with the drones or if the hive becomes too crowded.
Honey bees thrive in domestic environments and are seen most often during the summertime. Their sting can cause different reactions in different people including pain, itching, and redness. If you have a bee allergy, a sting can be potentially life-threatening, so see a doctor as soon as possible.